[sudo-workers] sudo 1.7.0rc4 released
Todd C. Miller
Todd.Miller at courtesan.com
Mon Nov 10 15:31:58 EST 2008
This is the fourth release candidate of sudo version 1.7.0. I'd
love to hear reports of success (or failure!) in real-world
Changes from Sudo 1.7.0rc4:
* Fixed an off-by-one bug introduced in rc3.
* When run with the -c flag in strict mode (-s), visudo will now
warn if the sudoers permissions or owner is incorrect.
* If sudo needs to prompt for a password and it is unable to disable
echo (and no askpass program is defined), it will refuse to run
unless the "visiblepw" Defaults option has been specified.
* Prior to version 1.7.0, hitting enter/return at the Password: prompt
would exit sudo. In sudo 1.7.0 and beyond, this is treated as
an empty password. To exit sudo, the user must press ^C or ^D
at the prompt.
What's new in Sudo 1.7?
* Rewritten parser that converts sudoers into a set of data structures.
This eliminates a number of ordering issues and makes it possible to
apply sudoers Defaults entries before searching for the command.
It also adds support for per-command Defaults specifications.
* Sudoers now supports a #include facility to allow the inclusion of other
* Sudo's -l (list) flag has been enhanced:
o applicable Defaults options are now listed
o a command argument can be specified for testing whether a user
may run a specific command.
o a new -U flag can be used in conjunction with "sudo -l" to allow
root (or a user with "sudo ALL") list another user's privileges.
* A new -g flag has been added to allow the user to specify a
primary group to run the command as. The sudoers syntax has been
extended to include a group section in the Runas specification.
* A uid may now be used anywhere a username is valid.
* The "secure_path" run-time Defaults option has been restored.
* Password and group data is now cached for fast lookups.
* The file descriptor at which sudo starts closing all open files is now
configurable via sudoers and, optionally, the command line.
* Visudo will now warn about aliases that are defined but not used.
* The -i and -s command line flags now take an optional command
to be run via the shell. Previously, the argument was passed
to the shell as a script to run.
* Improved LDAP support. SASL authentication may now be used in
conjunction when connecting to an LDAP server. The krb5_ccname
parameter in ldap.conf may be used to enable Kerberos.
* Support for /etc/nsswitch.conf. LDAP users may now use nsswitch.conf
to specify the sudoers order. E.g.:
sudoers: ldap files
to check LDAP, then /etc/sudoers. The default is "files", even
when LDAP support is compiled in. This differs from sudo 1.6
where LDAP was always consulted first.
* Support for /etc/environment on AIX and Linux. If sudo is run
with the -i flag, the contents of /etc/environment are used to
populate the new environment that is passed to the command being
* If no terminal is available or if the new -A flag is specified,
sudo will use a helper program to read the password if one is
configured. Typically, this is a graphical password prompter
such as ssh-askpass.
* A new Defaults option, "mailfrom" that sets the value of the
"From:" field in the warning/error mail. If unspecified, the
login name of the invoking user is used.
* A new flag, -n, may be used to indicate that sudo should not
prompt the user for a password and, instead, exit with an error
if authentication is required.
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