Sudo Installation Notes

Sudo installation instructions
==============================

Sudo uses a `configure' script to probe the capabilities and type
of the system in question.  In this release, `configure' takes many
more options than it did before.  Please read this document fully
before configuring and building sudo.  You may also wish to read the
file INSTALL.configure which explains more about the `configure' script.

System requirements
===================

To build sudo from the source distribution you need a POSIX-compliant
operating system (any modern version of BSD, Linux or Unix should work),
an ANSI/ISO C compiler that supports the "long long" type, variadic
macros (a C99 feature) as well as the ar, make and ranlib utilities.

If you wish to modify the parser then you will need flex version
2.5.2 or later and either bison or byacc (sudo comes with a
pre-generated parser).  You'll also have to run configure with the
--with-devel option or pass DEVEL=1 to make.  You can get flex from
http://flex.sourceforge.net/.  You can get GNU bison from
ftp://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/bison/ or any GNU mirror.

Simple sudo installation
========================

For most systems and configurations it is possible simply to:

    0) If you are upgrading from a previous version of sudo
       please read the info in the UPGRADE file before proceeding.

    1) Read the `OS dependent notes' section for any particular
       "gotchas" relating to your operating system.

    2) `cd' to the source or build directory and type `./configure'
       to generate a Makefile and config.h file suitable for building
       sudo.  Before you actually run configure you should read the
       `Available configure options' section to see if there are
       any special options you may want or need.

    4) Type `make' to compile sudo.  If you are building sudo
       in a separate build tree (apart from the sudo source) GNU
       make will probably be required.  If `configure' did its job
       properly (and you have a supported configuration) there won't
       be any problems.  If this doesn't work, take a look at the
       doc/TROUBLESHOOTING file for tips on what might have gone
       wrong.  Please mail us if you have a fix or if you are unable
       to come up with a fix (address at EOF).

    5) Type `make install' (as root) to install sudo, visudo, the
       man pages, and a skeleton sudoers file.  Note that the install
       will not overwrite an existing sudoers file.  You can also
       install various pieces the package via the install-binaries,
       install-doc, and install-sudoers make targets.

    6) Edit the sudoers file with `visudo' as necessary for your
       site.  You will probably want to refer the example sudoers
       file and sudoers man page included with the sudo package.

    7) If you want to use syslogd(8) to do the logging, you'll need
       to update your /etc/syslog.conf file.  See the example syslog.conf
       file included in the distribution for an example.

Available configure options
===========================

This section describes flags accepted by the sudo's `configure' script.
Defaults are listed in brackets after the description.

Configuration:
  --cache-file=FILE
	Cache test results in FILE

  --config-cache, -C
	Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'

  --help, -h
	Print the usage/help info

  --no-create, -n
	Do not create output files

  --quiet, --silent, -q
	Do not print `checking...' messages

  --srcdir=DIR
	Find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Directory and file names:
  --prefix=PREFIX
	Install architecture-independent files in PREFIX.  [/usr/local]

  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX
        Install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX.
	This includes the executables and plugins.  [same as PREFIX]

  --bindir=DIR
	Install `sudo', `sudoedit' and `sudoreplay' in DIR. [EPREFIX/bin]

  --sbindir=DIR
	Install `visudo' in DIR. [EPREFIX/sbin]

  --libexecdir=DIR
	Install plugins and helper programs in DIR/sudo [PREFIX/libexec/sudo]

  --sysconfdir=DIR
	Look for `sudo.conf' and `sudoers' files in DIR. [/etc]

  --includedir=DIR
	Install sudo_plugin.h include file in DIR [PREFIX/include]

  --datarootdir=DIR
	Root directory for platform-independent data files [PREFIX/share]

  --localedir=DIR
	Install sudo and sudoers locale files in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/locale]

  --mandir=DIR
	Install man pages in DIR [PREFIX/man]

  --docdir=DIR
	Install other sudo documentation in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/doc/sudo]

  --with-exampledir=DIR
	Install sudo example files in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/doc/sudo/examples]

  --with-plugindir=DIR
	Set the directory that sudo looks in to find the policy and I/O
	logging plugins.  Defaults to the LIBEXEC/sudo.

  --with-rundir=DIR
        Set the directory to be used for sudo-specific files that
        do not survive a system reboot.  This is typically where
        the time stamp directory is located.  By default, configure
        will use the first existing directory in the following list:
	    /var/run, /var/db, /var/lib, /var/adm, /usr/adm
	This directory should be cleared when the system reboots.
	On systems that lack /var/run, the default rundir and vardir
	may be the same.  In this case, only the ts directory inside
	the rundir needs to be cleared at boot time.

  --with-vardir=DIR
        Set the directory to be used for sudo-specific files that
        survive a system reboot.  This is typically where the lecture
        status directory is stored.  By default, configure will use
        the first existing directory in the following list:
	    /var/db, /var/lib, /var/adm, /usr/adm
	This directory should not be cleared when the system boots.

  --with-tzdir=DIR
        Set the directory to the system's time zone data files.  This 
	is only used when sanitizing the TZ environment variable to
	allow for fully-qualified paths in TZ.
        By default, configure will look for an existing "zoneinfo"
	directory in the following locations:
	    /usr/share /usr/share/lib /usr/lib /etc
	If no zoneinfo directory is found, the TZ variable may not
	contain a fully-qualified path.

Compilation options:
  --disable-hardening
	Disable the use of compiler/linker exploit mitigation options
	which are enabled by default.  This includes compiling with
	_FORTIFY_SOURCE defined to 2, building with -fstack-protector
	and linking with -zrelro, where supported.

  --enable-asan
        Enable the use of AddressSanitizer if supported by the
        compiler.  This can help detect common problems such as
        buffer overflows and user after free bugs as well as behavior
	undefined by the C standard.  For more information see
        https://github.com/google/sanitizers/wiki/AddressSanitizer
	The following compiler flag is used: -fsanitize=address,undefined

  --enable-pie
        Build sudo and related programs as as a position independent
        executables (PIE).  This improves the effectiveness of address
	space layout randomization (ASLR) on systems that support it.
	Sudo will create PIE binaries by default on Linux systems.

  --disable-pie
        Disable the creation of position independent executables (PIE),
        even if the compiler creates PIE binaries by default.  This
        option may be needed on some Linux systems where PIE binaries
        are not fully supported.

  --disable-poll
        Use select() instead of poll() in the event loop.  By default,
	sudo will use poll() on systems that support it.  Some systems
	have a broken poll() implementation and need to use select instead.
	On Mac OS X, select() is always used since its poll() doesn't
	support devices.

  --disable-rpath
        By default, configure will use -Rpath in addition to -Lpath
        when passing library paths to the loader.  This option will
        disable the use of -Rpath.

  --disable-shared
        Disable dynamic shared object support.  By default, sudo
        is built with a plugin API capable of loading arbitrary
        policy and I/O logging plugins.  If the --disable-shared
        option is specified, this support is disabled and the default
        sudoers policy and I/O plugins are embedded in the sudo
        binary itself.  This will also disable the noexec option
        as it too relies on dynamic shared object support.

  --disable-shared-libutil
        Disable the use of the dynamic libsudo_util library.  By
        default, sudo, the sudoers plugin and the associated sudo
        utilities are linked against a shared version of libsudo_util.
        If the --disable-shared-libutil option is specified, a
        static version of the libsudo_util library will be used
        instead.  This option may only be used in conjunction with
        the --enable-static-sudoers option.

  --enable-static-sudoers
        By default, the sudoers plugin is built and installed as a
        dynamic shared object.  When the --enable-static-sudoers
        option is specified, the sudoers plugin is compiled directly
        into the sudo binary.  Unlike --disable-shared, this does
        not prevent other plugins from being used and the noexec
        option will continue to function.

  --enable-tmpfiles.d=DIR
        Set the directory to be used when installing the sudo
        tmpfiles.d file.  This is used to create (or clear) the
        sudo time stamp directory on operating systems that use
        systemd.  If this option is not specified, configure will
        use the /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d directory if the file
        /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/systemd.conf exists.

  --enable-zlib[=location]
	Enable the use of the zlib compress library when storing
	I/O log files.  If specified, location is the base directory
	containing the zlib include and lib directories.  The special
	values "system", "builtin", "shared" and "static" can be
	used to indicate that the system version of zlib should be
	used or that the version of zlib shipped with sudo should
	be used instead.  If "static" is specified, sudo will
	statically link the builtin zlib and not install it.  If
	this option is not specified, configure will use the system
	zlib if it is present, falling back on the sudo version.

  --with-incpath=DIR
	Adds the specified directory (or directories) to CPPFLAGS
	so configure and the compiler will look there for include
	files.  Multiple directories may be specified as long as
	they are space separated.
	E.g. --with-incpath="/usr/local/include /opt/include"

  --with-libpath=DIR
	Adds the specified directory (or directories) to LDFLAGS
	so configure and the compiler will look there for libraries.
	Multiple directories may be specified as with --with-incpath.

  --with-libraries=LIBRARY
	Adds the specified library (or libraries) to SUDO_LIBS and
	and VISUDO_LIBS so sudo will link against them.  If the
	library doesn't start with `-l' or end in `.a' or `.o' a
	`-l' will be pre-pended to it.  Multiple libraries may be
	specified as long as they are space separated.

  --with-libtool=PATH
        By default, sudo will use the included version of libtool
        to build shared libraries.  The --with-libtool option can
        be used to specify a different version of libtool to use.
        The special values "system" and "builtin" can be used in
        place of a path to denote the default system libtool (obtained
        via the user's PATH) and the default libtool that comes
        with sudo.

Optional features:
  --disable-root-mailer
	By default sudo will run the mailer as root when tattling
	on a user so as to prevent that user from killing the mailer.
	With this option, sudo will run the mailer as the invoking
	user which some people consider to be safer.

  --enable-nls[=location]
        Enable natural language support using the gettext() family
        of functions.  If specified, location is the base directory
        containing the libintl include and lib directories.  If
        this option is not specified, configure will look for the
        gettext() family of functions in the standard C library
        first, then check for a standalone libintl (linking with
        libiconv as needed).

  --disable-nls
        Disable natural language support.  By default, sudo will
        use the gettext() family of functions, if available, to
        implement messages in the invoking user's native language.
	Note that translations do not exist for all languages.

  --with-ldap[=DIR]
	Enable LDAP support.  If specified, DIR is the base directory
	containing the LDAP include and lib directories.  Please see
	README.LDAP for more information.

  --with-ldap-conf-file=PATH
	Path to LDAP configuration file.  If specified, sudo reads
	this file instead of /etc/ldap.conf to locate the LDAP server.

  --with-ldap-secret-file=PATH
	Path to LDAP secret password file.  If specified, sudo uses
	this file instead of /etc/ldap.secret to read the secret password
	when rootbinddn is specified in the ldap config file.

  --with-logincap
	This adds support for login classes specified in /etc/login.conf.
	It is enabled by default on BSD/OS, Darwin, FreeBSD, OpenBSD and
	NetBSD (where available).  By default, a login class is not applied
	unless the 'use_loginclass' option is defined in sudoers or the user
	specifies a class on the command line.

  --with-interfaces=no, --without-interfaces
	This option keeps sudo from trying to glean the ip address
	from each attached Ethernet interface.  It is only useful
	on a machine where sudo's interface reading support does
	not work, which may be the case on some SysV-based OS's
	using STREAMS.

  --with-noexec[=PATH]
	Enable support for the "noexec" functionality which prevents
	a dynamically-linked program being run by sudo from executing
	another program (think shell escapes).  Please see the
	"PREVENTING SHELL ESCAPES" section in the sudoers man page
	for details.  If specified, PATH should be a fully qualified
	path name, e.g. /usr/local/libexec/sudo_noexec.so.  If PATH
	is "no", noexec support will not be compiled in.  The default
	is to compile noexec support if libtool supports building
	shared objects on your OS.

  --with-selinux 
	Enable support for role based access control (RBAC) on
	systems that support SELinux.

  --with-sssd
        Enable support for using the System Security Services Daemon
        (SSSD) as a sudoers data source.  For more information on
        SSD, see http://fedorahosted.org/sssd/

  --with-sssd-conf=PATH
        Specify the path to the SSSD configuration file, if different
	from the default value of /etc/sssd/sssd.conf.

  --with-sssd-lib=PATH
        Specify the path to the SSSD shared library, which is loaded
        at run-time.

Operating system-specific options:
  --disable-setreuid
        Disable use of the setreuid() function for operating systems
        where it is broken.  For instance, 4.4BSD has setreuid()
        that is not fully functional.

  --disable-setresuid
	Disable use of the setresuid() function for operating systems
	where it is broken (none currently known).

  --enable-admin-flag
	Enable the creation of an Ubuntu-style admin flag file
	the first time sudo is run.

  --with-bsm-audit
        Enable support for sudo BSM audit logs on systems that support it.
	This includes recent versions of FreeBSD, Mac OS X and Solaris.

  --with-linux-audit
	Enable audit support for Linux systems.  Audits attempts
	to run a command as well as SELinux role changes.

  --with-man
        Use the "man" macros for manual pages.  By default, mdoc versions
	of the manuals are installed if supported.  This can be used to
	override configure's test for "nroff -mdoc" support.

  --with-mdoc
        Use the "mdoc" macros for manual pages.  By default, mdoc versions
	of the manuals are installed if supported.  This can be used to
	override configure's test for "nroff -mdoc" support.

  --with-netsvc[=PATH]
        Path to netsvc.conf or "no" to disable netsvc.conf support.
        If specified, sudo uses this file instead of /etc/netsvc.conf
        on AIX systems.  If netsvc support is disabled but LDAP is
        enabled, sudo will check LDAP first, then the sudoers file.

  --with-nsswitch[=PATH]
	Path to nsswitch.conf or "no" to disable nsswitch support.
	If specified, sudo uses this file instead of /etc/nsswitch.conf.
	If nsswitch support is disabled but LDAP is enabled, sudo will
	check LDAP first, then the sudoers file.

  --with-project
	Enable support for Solaris project resource limits.
	This option is only available on Solaris 9 and above.

Authentication options:
  --with-AFS
	Enable AFS support with Kerberos authentication.  Should work under
	AFS 3.3.  If your AFS doesn't have -laudit you should be able to
	link without it.

  --with-aixauth
        Enable support for the AIX general authentication function.
        This will use the authentication scheme specified for the
        user on the machine.  By default, sudo will use either AIX
        authentication or PAM depending on the value of the auth_type
        setting in the /etc/security/login.cfg file.

  --with-bsdauth
	Enable support for BSD authentication.  This is the default
	for BSD/OS and OpenBSD systems that support it.
	It is not possible to mix BSD authentication with other
	authentication methods (and there really should be no need
	to do so).  Note that only the newer BSD authentication API
	is supported.  If you don't have /usr/include/bsd_auth.h
	then you cannot use this.

  --with-DCE
	Enable DCE support for systems without PAM.  Known to work on
	HP-UX 9.X, 10.X, and 11.0; other systems may require source
	code and/or `configure' changes.  On systems with PAM support
	(such as HP-UX 11.0 and higher, Solaris, FreeBSD and Linux), the
	DCE PAM module (usually libpam_dce) should be used instead.

  --with-fwtk[=DIR]
	Enable TIS Firewall Toolkit (FWTK) 'authsrv' support. If specified,
	DIR is the base directory containing the compiled FWTK package
	(or at least the library and header files).

  --with-kerb5[=DIR]
	Enable Kerberos V support.  If specified, DIR is the base
	directory containing the Kerberos V include and lib dirs.
	This uses Kerberos pass phrases for authentication but
	does not use the Kerberos cookie scheme.  Will not work for
	Kerberos V older than version 1.1.

  --enable-kerb5-instance=string
        By default, the user name is used as the principal name
        when authenticating via Kerberos V.  If this option is
        enabled, the specified instance string will be appended to
        the user name (separated by a slash) when creating the
        principal name.

  --with-solaris-audit
	Enable audit support for Solaris 11 and above.
	For older versions of Solaris, use --with-bsm-audit

  --with-opie[=DIR]
	Enable NRL OPIE OTP (One Time Password) support.  If specified,
	DIR should contain include and lib directories with opie.h
	and libopie.a respectively.

  --with-otp-only
	This option is now just an alias for --without-passwd.

  --with-pam
	Enable PAM support.  This is on by default for Darwin, FreeBSD,
	Linux, Solaris and HP-UX (version 11 and higher).

	NOTE: on RedHat Linux and Fedora you *must* have an /etc/pam.d/sudo
	file install.  You may either use the example pam.conf file included
	with sudo or use /etc/pam.d/su as a reference.  The pam.conf file
	included with sudo may or may not work with other Linux distributions.
	On Solaris and HP-UX 11 systems you should check (and understand)
	the contents of /etc/pam.conf.  Do a "man pam.conf" for more
	information and consider using the "debug" option, if available,
	with your PAM libraries in /etc/pam.conf to obtain syslog output
	for debugging purposes.

  --with-pam-login
        Enable a specific PAM session when sudo is given the -i option.
	This changes the PAM service name when sudo is run with the -i
	option from "sudo" to "sudo-i", allowing for a separate pam
	configuration for sudo's initial login mode.

  --disable-pam-session
        Disable sudo's PAM session support.  This may be needed on
        older PAM implementations or on operating systems where
        opening a PAM session changes the utmp or wtmp files.  If
        PAM session support is disabled, resource limits may not
        be updated for the command being run.

  --with-passwd=no, --without-passwd
	This option excludes authentication via the passwd (or
	shadow) file.  It should only be used when another, alternative,
	authentication scheme is in use.

  --with-SecurID[=DIR]
	Enable SecurID support.  If specified, DIR is directory containing
	libaceclnt.a, acexport.h, and sdacmvls.h.

  --with-skey[=DIR]
	Enable S/Key OTP (One Time Password) support.  If specified,
	DIR should contain include and lib directories with skey.h
	and libskey.a respectively.

  --disable-sia
	Disable SIA support.  This is the "Security Integration
	Architecture" on Digital UNIX. If you disable SIA sudo will
	use its own authentication routines.

  --disable-shadow
	Disable shadow password support.  Normally, sudo will compile
	in shadow password support and use a shadow password if it
	exists.

  --enable-gss-krb5-ccache-name
        Use the gss_krb5_ccache_name() function to set the Kerberos
        V credential cache file name.  By default, sudo will use
        the KRB5CCNAME environment variable to set this.  While
        gss_krb5_ccache_name() provides a better API to do this it
        is not supported by all Kerberos V and SASL combinations.

Development options:
  --enable-env-debug
        Enable debugging of the environment setting functions.  This
        enables extra checks to make sure the environment does not
        become corrupted.

  --enable-warnings
	Enable compiler warnings when building sudo with gcc.

  --enable-werror
	Enable the -Werror compiler option when building sudo with gcc.

  --with-devel
        Configure development options.  This will enable compiler warnings
	and set up the Makefile to be able to regenerate the sudoers parser
	as well as the manual pages.

  --with-efence
	Link with the "electric fence" debugging malloc.

Options that set runtime-changeable default values:
  --disable-authentication
	By default, sudo requires the user to authenticate via a
	password or similar means.  This options causes sudo to
	*not* require authentication.  It is possible to turn
	authentication back on in sudoers via the PASSWD attribute.
	Sudoers option: !authenticate

  --disable-env-reset
        Disable environment resetting.  This sets the default value
        of the "env_reset" Defaults option in sudoers to false.
	Sudoers option: !env_reset

  --disable-path-info
	Normally, sudo will tell the user when a command could not be found
	in their $PATH.  Some sites may wish to disable this as it could
	be used to gather information on the location of executables that
	the normal user does not have access to.  The disadvantage is that
	if the executable is simply not in the user's path, sudo will tell
	the user that they are not allowed to run it, which can be confusing.
	Sudoers option: path_info

  --disable-root-sudo
	Don't let root run sudo.  This can be used to prevent people from
	"chaining" sudo commands to get a root shell by doing something
	like "sudo sudo /bin/sh".
	Sudoers option: !root_sudo

  --disable-zlib
        Disable the use of the zlib compress library when storing
        I/O log files.
	Sudoers option: !compress_io

  --enable-log-host
	Log the hostname in the log file.
	Sudoers option: log_host

  --enable-noargs-shell
	If sudo is invoked with no arguments it acts as if the "-s" flag had
	been given.  That is, it runs a shell as root (the shell is determined
	by the SHELL environment variable, falling back on the shell listed
	in the invoking user's /etc/passwd entry).
	Sudoers option: shell_noargs

  --enable-shell-sets-home
	If sudo is invoked with the "-s" flag the HOME environment variable
	will be set to the home directory of the target user (which is root
	unless the "-u" option is used).  This option effectively makes the
	"-s" flag imply "-H".
	Sudoers option: set_home

  --with-all-insults
	Include all the insult sets listed below.  You must either specify
	--with-insults or enable insults in the sudoers file for this to
	have any effect.

  --with-askpass=PATH
        Set PATH as the "askpass" program to use when no tty is
        available.  Typically, this is a graphical password prompter,
        similar to the one used by ssh.  The program must take a
        prompt as an argument and print the received password to
        the standard output.  This value may overridden at run-time
        in the sudo.conf file.

  --with-badpass-message="BAD PASSWORD MESSAGE"
	Message that is displayed if a user enters an incorrect password.
	The default is "Sorry, try again." unless insults are turned on.
	Sudoers option: badpass_message

  --with-badpri=PRIORITY
	Determines which syslog priority to log unauthenticated
	commands and errors.  The following priorities are supported:
	alert, crit, debug, emerg, err, info, notice, and warning.
	Sudoers option: syslog_badpri

  --with-classic-insults
	Uses insults from sudo "classic."  If you just specify --with-insults
	you will get the classic and CSOps insults.  This is on by default if
	--with-insults is given.

  --with-csops-insults
	Insults the user with an extra set of insults (some quotes, some
	original) from a sysadmin group at CU (CSOps).  You must specify
	--with-insults as well for this to have any effect.  This is on by
	default if --with-insults is given.

  --with-editor=PATH
	Specify the default editor path for use by visudo.  This may be a
	single path name or a colon-separated list of editors.  In the latter
	case, visudo will choose the editor that matches the user's VISUAL
	or EDITOR environment variables or the first editor in the list that
	exists.  The default is the path to vi on your system.
	Sudoers option: editor

  --with-env-editor
	Makes visudo consult the VISUAL and EDITOR environment variables before
	falling back on the default editor list (as specified by --with-editor).
	Note that this may create a security hole as it allows the user to
	run any arbitrary command as root without logging.  A safer alternative
	is to use a colon-separated list of editors with the --with-editor
	option.  visudo will then only use the VISUAL or EDITOR variables
	if they match a value specified via --with-editor.
	Sudoers option: env_editor

  --with-exempt=GROUP
	Users in the specified group don't need to enter a password when
	running sudo.  This may be useful for sites that don't want their
	"core" sysadmins to have to enter a password but where Jr. sysadmins
	need to.  You should probably use NOPASSWD in sudoers instead.
	Sudoers option: exempt_group

  --with-fqdn
	Define this if you want to put fully qualified host names in the sudoers
	file.  Ie: instead of myhost you would use myhost.mydomain.edu.  You may
	still use the short form if you wish (and even mix the two).  Beware
	that turning FQDN on requires sudo to make DNS lookups which may make
	sudo unusable if your DNS is totally hosed.  Also note that you must
	use the host's official name as DNS knows it.  That is, you may not use
	a host alias (CNAME entry) due to performance issues and the fact that
	there is no way to get all aliases from DNS.
	Sudoers option: fqdn

  --with-goodpri=PRIORITY
	Determines which syslog priority to log successfully
	authenticated commands.  The following priorities are
	supported: alert, crit, debug, emerg, err, info, notice,
	and warning.
	Sudoers option: syslog_goodpri

  --with-goons-insults
	Insults the user with lines from the "Goon Show" when an incorrect
	password is entered.  You must either specify --with-insults or
	enable insults in the sudoers file for this to have any effect.

  --with-hal-insults
	Uses 2001-like insults when an incorrect password is entered.
	You must either specify --with-insults or enable insults in the
	sudoers file for this to have any effect.

  --with-ignore-dot
	If set, sudo will ignore '.' or '' (current dir) in $PATH.
	The $PATH itself is not modified.
	Sudoers option: ignore_dot

  --with-insults
	Define this if you want to be insulted for typing an incorrect password
	just like the original sudo(8).  This is off by default.
	Sudoers option: insults

  --with-insults=disabled
        Include support for insults but disable them unless explicitly
        enabled in sudoers.
	Sudoers option: !insults

  --with-iologdir[=DIR]
        By default, sudo stores I/O log files in either /var/log/sudo-io,
        /var/adm/sudo-io, or /usr/log/sudo-io.  If this option is
        specified, I/O logs will be stored in the indicated directory
        instead.
	Sudoers option: iolog_dir

  --with-lecture=no, --without-lecture
	Don't print the lecture the first time a user runs sudo.
	Sudoers option: !lecture

  --with-logfac=FACILITY
	Determines which syslog facility to log to.  This requires
	a 4.3BSD or later version of syslog.  You can still set
	this for ancient syslogs but it will have no effect.  The
	following facilities are supported: authpriv (if your OS
	supports it), auth, daemon, user, local0, local1, local2,
	local3, local4, local5, local6, and local7.
	Sudoers option: syslog

  --with-logging=TYPE
	How you want to do your logging.  You may choose "syslog",
	"file", or "both".  Setting this to "syslog" is nice because
	you can keep all of your sudo logs in one place (see the
	example syslog.conf file).  The default is "syslog".
	Sudoers options: syslog and logfile

  --with-loglen=NUMBER
	Number of characters per line for the file log.  This is only used if
	you are to "file" or "both".  This value is used to decide when to wrap
	lines for nicer log files.  The default is 80.  Setting this to 0
	will disable the wrapping.
	Sudoers options: loglinelen

  --with-logpath=PATH
	Override the default location of the sudo log file and use
	"path" instead.  By default will use /var/log/sudo.log if
	there is a /var/log dir, falling back to /var/adm/sudo.log
	or /usr/adm/sudo.log if not.
	Sudoers option: logfile

  --with-long-otp-prompt
	When validating with a One Time Password scheme (S/Key or
	OPIE), a two-line prompt is used to make it easier to cut
	and paste the challenge to a local window.  It's not as
	pretty as the default but some people find it more convenient.
	Sudoers option: long_otp_prompt

  --with-mail-if-no-user=no, --without-mail-if-no-user
	Normally, sudo will mail to the "alertmail" user if the user invoking
	sudo is not in the sudoers file.  This option disables that behavior.
	Sudoers option: mail_no_user

  --with-mail-if-no-host
	Send mail to the "alermail" user if the user exists in the sudoers
	file, but is not allowed to run commands on the current host.
	Sudoers option: mail_no_host

  --with-mail-if-noperms
	Send mail to the "alermail" user if the user is allowed to use sudo but
	the command they are trying is not listed in their sudoers file entry.
	Sudoers option: mail_no_perms

  --with-mailsubject="SUBJECT OF MAIL"
	Subject of the mail sent to the "mailto" user. The token "%h"
	will expand to the hostname of the machine.
	Default is "*** SECURITY information for %h ***".
	Sudoers option: mailsub

  --with-mailto=USER|MAIL_ALIAS
	User (or mail alias) that mail from sudo is sent to.
	This should go to a sysadmin at your site.  The default is "root".
	Sudoers option: mailto

  --with-passprompt="PASSWORD PROMPT"
	Default prompt to use when asking for a password; can be overridden
	via the -p option and the SUDO_PROMPT environment variable. Supports
	the "%H", "%h", "%U" and "%u" escapes as documented in the sudo
	manual page.  The default value is "Password:".
	Sudoers option: passprompt

  --with-password-timeout=NUMBER
	Number of minutes before the sudo password prompt times out.
	The default is 5, set this to 0 for no password timeout.
	Sudoers option: passwd_timeout

  --with-passwd-tries=NUMBER
	Number of tries a user gets to enter his/her password before sudo logs
	the failure and exits.  The default is 3.
	Sudoers option: passwd_tries

  --with-pc-insults
	Replace politically incorrect insults with less objectionable ones.

  --with-runas-default=USER
	The default user to run commands as if the -u flag is not specified
	on the command line.  This defaults to "root".
	Sudoers option: runas_default

  --with-secure-path[=PATH]
	Path used for every command run from sudo(8).  If you don't trust the
	people running sudo to have a sane PATH environment variable you may
	want to use this.  Another use is if you want to have the "root path"
	be separate from the "user path."  You will need to customize the path
	for your site.  NOTE: this is not applied to users in the group
	specified by --with-exemptgroup.  If you do not specify a path,
	"/bin:/usr/ucb:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/etc:/etc" is used.
	Sudoers option: secure_path

  --with-sendmail=PATH
	Override configure's guess as to the location of sendmail.
	Sudoers option: mailerpath

  --with-sendmail=no, --without-sendmail
	Do not use sendmail to mail messages to the "mailto" user.
	Use only if you don't run sendmail or the equivalent.
	Sudoers options: !mailerpath or !mailto

  --with-sudoers-mode=MODE
        File mode for the sudoers file (octal).  Note that if you
        wish to NFS-mount the sudoers file this must be group
        readable.  This value may overridden at run-time in the
        sudo.conf file.  The default mode is 0440.

  --with-sudoers-uid=UID
        User id that "owns" the sudoers file.  Note that this is
        the numeric id, *not* the symbolic name.  This value may
        overridden at run-time in the sudo.conf file.  The default
        is 0.

  --with-sudoers-gid=GID
        Group id that "owns" the sudoers file.  Note that this is
        the numeric id, *not* the symbolic name.  This value may
        overridden at run-time in the sudo.conf file.  The default
        is 0.

  --with-timeout=NUMBER
	Number of minutes that can elapse before sudo will ask for a passwd
	again.  The default is 5, set this to 0 to always prompt for a password.
	Sudoers option: timestamp_timeout

  --with-tty-tickets=no, --without-tty-tickets
	By default, sudo uses a different ticket file for each user/tty combo.
	With this option disabled, a single ticket will be used for all
	of a user's login sessions.
	Sudoers option: tty_tickets

  --with-umask=MASK
	Umask to use when running the root command.  The default is 0022.
	Sudoers option: umask

  --with-umask=no, --without-umask
	Preserves the umask of the user invoking sudo.
	Sudoers option: !umask

  --with-umask-override
        Use the umask specified in sudoers even if it is less restrictive
	than the user's.  The default is to use the intersection of the
	user's umask and the umask specified in sudoers.
	Sudoers option: umask_override

OS dependent notes
==================

HP-UX:
    The default C compiler shipped with HP-UX is not an ANSI compiler.
    You must use either the HP ANSI C compiler or gcc to build sudo.
    Binary packages of gcc are available from http://hpux.connect.org.uk/.

    To prevent PAM from overriding the value of umask on HP-UX 11,
    you will need to add a line like the following to /etc/pam.conf:

    sudo	session	required	libpam_hpsec.so.1 bypass_umask

    If every command run via sudo displays information about the last
    successful login and the last authentication failure you should
    make use an /etc/pam.conf line like:

    sudo	session	required	libpam_hpsec.so.1 bypass_umask bypass_last_login

Linux:
    PAM and LDAP headers are not installed by default on most Linux
    systems.  You will need to install the "pam-dev" package if
    /usr/include/security/pam_appl.h is not present on your system.
    If you wish to build with LDAP support you will also need the
    openldap-devel package.

Mac OS X:
    The pseudo-tty support in the Mac OS X kernel has bugs related
    to its handling of the SIGTSTP, SIGTTIN and SIGTTOU signals.
    It does not restart reads and writes when those signals are
    delivered.  This may cause problems for some commands when I/O
    logging is enabled.  The issue has been reported to Apple and
    is bug id #7952709.

Solaris:
    You need to have a C compiler in order to build sudo.  Since
    Solaris does not come with one by default this means that you
    either need to either install the Solaris Studio compiler suite,
    available for free from www.oracle.com, or install the GNU C
    compiler (gcc) which is can be installed via the pkg utility
    on Solaris 11 and higher and is distributed on the Solaris
    Companion CD for older Solaris releases.  You can also download
    gcc packages from http://www.opencsw.org/packages/CSWgcc4core/